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Baby eye color is among the most fascinating part of his/her growth. Parents always debate about the eye color their baby will have. Is it going to be a single color or will it be a mix of different colors? Medical science tells us that the looks of the baby are a mixture of the genetic material of both parents; however, the mixing of the two genes can take place in a number of ways. Thus, the mystery surrounding the child’s resemblance to either parent cannot be ascertained until his/her birth.
After birth, you can easily get an idea about your child’s health just by having a good look at him/her. However, you would not know for sure about the color of his/her eyes right way. It might take some time before all of this revealed, particularly if the child’s eyes are of a very light color at the time of their birth.
What Determines My Baby’s Eye Color?
Even though the color of the eyes is a genetic trait, it does not rely solely on genetics as is wrongly believed by people. If you and your partner both have blue eyes then there is a high chance that your baby is going to have blue eyes, but it’s not a dead certainty. Similarly, parents having brown eyes can expect their child to have brown eyes, but nothing is guaranteed.
Babies who have a grandparent with blue eyes are most likely to have blue eyes, too. Babies whose parents have brown and blue eyes respectively have 50% chance of getting either blue or brown eyes. Babies born with one blue and one brown eye might be suffering from Waardenburg syndrome which is a rare genetic condition. You should consult a doctor in time.
Here is a chart showing you the likelihood of baby eye color based on the eye colors of you and your partner:
Melanin is a pigment that gives color to our hair and our skin. This pigment is generated by cells and plays a very important role in determining baby eye color. Melanin production in the iris is initiated when the bright lights of the hospital hit the newborn’s eyes. The lesser the melanin production, the lighter will be the eye color of the baby; while the more melanin is produced, the darker will be the color of your baby’s eyes. Therefore, a little melanin will turn the eye color of a baby to blue, green, gray or hazel; while too much melanin will result in him/her getting brown or black eyes.
Everybody knows that eating right is the way to keep your heart healthy. The good news is that the same diet that helps your heart is probably also good for your eyes. A diet low in fat and rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains can pay benefits not only to your heart but to your eyes. The connection isn’t surprising: your eyes rely on tiny arteries for oxygen and nutrients, just as the heart relies on much larger arteries. Keeping those arteries healthy will help your eyes.
Some foods stand out as particularly helpful for eye health. Here are four you should make sure are part of your diet:
Leafy green vegetables, like kale, are high in lutein and zeaxanthin, two nutrients found in the healthy eye that are believed to lower your risk for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and cataracts. One large study showed that women who had diets high in lutein were 23 percent less likely to develop cataracts than women whose diets were low in this nutrient. Not a big fan of kale? Not to worry. Other dark leafy green vegetables, like spinach, romaine lettuce, collards and turnip greens, also contain significant amounts of lutein and zeaxanthin. Eggs are also a good source of these nutrients, as are broccoli, peas and corn.
Some studies suggest that diets rich in omega-3 fatty acid from cold-water fish like salmon, tuna, sardines and halibut reduce the risk of developing eye disease later in life. A 2010 study from Johns Hopkins found that people who had a diet high in omega-3 fatty acid were much less likely to develop AMD.
Oranges and all of their citrus cousins — grapefruit, tangerines, and lemons — are high in vitamin C, an antioxidant that is critical to eye health. Scientists have found that your eyes need relatively high levels of vitamin C to function properly, and antioxidants can prevent or at least delay cataracts and AMD. Lots of other foods offer benefits similar to oranges, including peaches, red peppers, tomatoes and strawberries.
Legumes of all kinds, including black-eyed peas, kidney beans, lima beans, and peanuts contain zinc, an essential trace mineral that is found in high concentration in the eyes. Zinc may help protect your eyes from the damaging effects of light. Other foods high in zinc include oysters, lean red meat, poultry and fortified cereals.
There are lots of other great food choices to keep your eyes healthy. Among them, the one most people think of first: carrots. Carrots are high in beta-carotene, a nutrient that helps with night vision, as are other orange-colored fruits and vegetables like sweet potatoes, apricots and cantaloupe. Making them a part of a colorful diet can help you keep your eyes healthy.
The Vision Council of America has estimated that eyeglasses or some eye correction is necessary for 3/4 of Americans. So, more people than not, face the need to correct their vision and then there are the millions of people who actually wear “vanity” frames without any corrective lenses.
Yet with these large numbers of people requiring or desiring corrective vision options, it is rarely discussed. That’s what we do for you. We discuss and experiment with the many options available and most relevant to you.
We help you decide if your glasses should be a fashion statement or as invisible as possible. How do match different eye wear to your face shape. We also, help you select frame sizes, colors and materials. And, of course, we give you options for the types of correction that will help you achieve your goal of good eyesight.
Should your Glasses Be Noticeable or are they a Fashion Statement?
So if your goal is to minimize the effect of your glasses by selecting the most unobtrusive frames possible, you’re going to need to think about what kinds of shapes blend in with your face and features and what kinds stand out. It’s equally important to asses your face shape if you uses glasses as an active piece of your fashion ensemble.
We help you decide this by having you experiment with different frames in our office and helping you match it with your face type.
Lens Types and Correction
Our office offers all the best corrective lens, but more importantly, the ones that you want, but only after you’ve been told and understand what corrections will help with your situations. We even offer guidance and prescreening for laser correction because that’s a very delicate task that must be handled with a vast amount of testing to ensure optimal results.
Migraines are horrible. For those of you who have never experienced a migraine, you’re one of the lucky few. There’s the pain, of course- throbbing, pounding pain. But then, you get the tag-along symptoms: nausea and sensitivity to light and noise. Migraine sufferers quickly learn on the second or third migraine that visual symptoms like wavy lines, flashing dots, and temporary blindness are usually the first sign of a migraine. Also, not all migraines are the same. Retinal or eye migraines, for instance, can occur with or without the accompanying headache, but they can still be just as painful.
Retinal migraines, or ocular migraines, are caused by the same inflammation as regular migraines. Inflammatory substances release deep inside the brain and around the blood vessels of the head and brain. While ocular and regular migraines affect vision, ocular migraines only affect one eye. Ocular migraine sufferers typically have a family history of migraine headaches.
While genetics play a major part, other factors can trigger a migraine. Common triggers include:
- Glaring or flickering lights
- Certain foods, such as aged cheeses, caffeinated drinks, red wine, smoked meats, and chocolate
- Food additives such as monosodium glutamate (MSG) and artificial sweeteners
- Cigarette smoke
- Perfumes and other strong odors
- Lack of sleep
- Emotional stress
While migraines are a common neurological condition that affects approximately 20 percent of the population, women are more likely to experience migraines. In fact, women in their twenties or thirties are three times more likely to be retinal migraine victims than men in the same age group.
Another common issue is headaches behind the eyes. While stress, eyestrain, and lack of sleep can lead to this type of headache, a frequent cause is actual eye problems such as astigmatism, presbyopia and far-sightedness. These problems left uncorrected, cause habitual squinting and put stress on the eyes, which puts tension on the eye muscles, resulting in a headache.
The visual symptoms of ocular migraines are usually harmless and resolve on their own within a half hour. The associated headache, unfortunately, could last for several hours or even days. Rest is your first course of action. Afterwards, it’s best to talk with your physician about migraine treatment and prevention.
If you experience unusual vision symptoms, you should schedule a comprehensive eye exam with an optometrist or ophthalmologist to rule out vision-threatening conditions such as a detached retina.